On 1st July 1969, in the grounds of Caernarfon Castle, a royal event took place with the Queen clad in pale yellow standing before her kneeling eldest son. The event, which was beamed onto television screens all over the country, was the Investiture of the Prince of Wales, a long-held tradition in which the heir apparent receives the Insignia of his Principality, consisting of a sword, coronet, mantle, gold ring and gold rod. The castle, built in 1283 as part of Edward I's 'ring of iron', was a fitting venue for the event, being the best preserved of the castles in the 'ring', with some of the most forbidding fortifications. The castle incorporates the regimental museum of the Royal Welch Fusiliers, housed within the Queen's Tower.
The central part of the town of Caernarfon lies within the walls which were built during the years following the castle's construction. In the narrow streets running out from the main square are a range of shops, pubs and restaurants. There is a quayside area adjacent to the castle which is a departure point for pleasure boat trips and fishing trips. Near this area is the railway station, which is the terminus of the magnificent Welsh Highland Railway route which takes visitors through the mountains to Porthmadog. On the outskirts of the town lie the remains of the Segontium Roman Fort, run by Cadw. The foundations of the barracks which housed 1,000 troops can still be seen, while the museum has displays of coins and pottery found on the site.
|Sunset over Anglesey, from Victoria Dock|
Map of the area.